US expands effort to improve at-risk species' habitat in SW
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WASHINGTON, March 30, 2015 - USDA's Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) and the Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) plan to expand an ecosystem-wide model to aid the Southwestern willow flycatcher and help Western landowners. The model will enhance or restore habitat for at-risk, threatened and endangered species while supporting working lands in Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico and Utah, NRCS said in a news release.
The program builds on existing partnerships with landowners in the Southwest to support habitat improvement for the flycatcher, along with 83 other species that depend on the same riparian ecosystem, according to NRCS. It said the plan will result in healthier ranges, more productive ranches, and more robust rural economies.
“By focusing on predictability on an ecosystem level, we will bring together an even larger group of agricultural producers in the Southwest to create habitat for the flycatcher and other wildlife,” NRCS Chief Jason Weller said in the release. “These efforts will not only support the many species that depend on this riparian ecosystem, but also help ranchers move to more sustainable grazing systems and give them the support they need to keep their lands working.”
“These efforts will help ensure not only the long-term health of ecosystems and countless species vital to the West, but they will assist rural landowners and provide tangible benefits to local economies,” said FWS Director Dan Ashe.
The efforts are part of the Working Lands for Wildlife (WLFW) partnership between NRCS and FWS, which helps create habitat on working landscapes for seven different at-risk, threatened or endangered species, including the flycatcher. Through WLFW, producers who maintain conservation practices and systems that benefit the targeted species will be covered for any incidental take, or harm, the species that may occur as a result of the conservation activities for up to 30 years.
Over the past three years, NRCS has worked with landowners in these six states to restore or enhance more than 7,000 acres of riparian land that the Southwestern willow flycatcher relies on for nesting habitat. The agency says expansion of this program will engage more landowners by providing incentives for six additional conservation practices. It will also expand the scale of the program by providing predictability under the Endangered Species Act for 83 species in addition to the flycatcher. Some of the other species that share riparian habitat with the flycatcher in the Southwest include the New Mexico meadow jumping mouse, the yellow-billed cuckoo, Chiricahua leopard frog and the Least Bell's vireo.
The six new conservation practices available through WLFW for the flycatcher include: installation of a stream crossing, pumping plant, micro-irrigation system or livestock shelter; mulching; and planting for species habitat. These are among the supporting conservation practices that NRCS offers to ranchers.
NRCS said the effort builds on the success of voluntary conservation practices on private lands that benefit wildlife while supporting working lands. Recently, due in large part to proactive steps by private landowners, FWS delisted the Oregon chub, the first fish species to be delisted due to recovery. Listing the Arctic grayling was not required because of similarly successful efforts to improve aquatic habitat. Additionally, through their partnership in the Sage Grouse Initiative, NRCS said the agencies have seen gains in habitat creation for the greater sage-grouse through which private landowners have restored 4.4 million acres over the past five years - an area twice the size of Yellowstone National Park.
Not everyone believes the Southwestern willow flycatcher qualifies for federal protection. Robert Zink, a professor of biology at the University of Minnesota, argued in the ornithological journal the Condor in January that the bird is not a distinct subspecies and therefore should have its federal protections as a threatened subspecies removed. Zink reached his conclusion after a reanalysis of plumage coloration and genetic variation in mitochondrial and nuclear DNA.
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