“Some deterioration in credit quality” for borrowers in the agricultural sector is evident in a new set of financial indicators of the Farm Credit System (FCS) posted last week by the system’s federal regulatory agency, the Farm Credit Administration (FCA).

Although the farm sector “is going through kind of a rough spot right now,” says Steve Gabriel, FCA’s chief economist, the decline in creditworthiness is small and gradual over the past year. “First of all, the credit quality issues were at very low levels coming into this period,” he says. Indicators of stress “are starting to increase but very gradually.”

One of those barometers, the ratio of bad debt (nonperforming loans) to total loans by the four FCS banks and 69 lending associations inched up slightly from 0.81 percent at the end of March 2017 to 0.85 percent at the end of March 2018. Over the same period, FCS gross loan volume was up from $250.2 billion to $261.4 billion.

Gabriel credits the relatively healthy financial picture to “lots of restraint, not only by Farm Credit but other lenders as well. They learned their lesson back in the 1980s. There is nothing remotely resembling what we experienced in the 80s,” he adds.

Separately, the agency’s staff last week gave the FCA Board its quarterly appraisal of economic issues affecting agriculture and updated FCS’s condition as of March 31. FCS showed “strong earnings, higher capital levels and favorable portfolio credit quality” in the first quarter,” it said. “Overall, it is financially strong and remains safe and sound.”

Steve Gabriel

Steve Gabriel, Farm Credit Administration

Using USDA projections, FCA expects corn and soybean prices to strengthen, boosting profit margins for producers, but sees profit margins weakening for livestock producers as rising grain prices drive up feed costs and pasture conditions deteriorate because of severe drought in the Southwestern U.S.

“Producers across the farm economy will face stress on cash flows from rising interest rates and higher fuel costs,” the report said. “Higher interest rates and declining cash rents will put downward pressure on farmland values.” It added that “uncertainties regarding agricultural trade policy and the farm bill will have a direct bearing on the farm economy.”

“Looking at forecasts, we don’t see any big bumps coming,” Gabriel said in an interview. “But that assumes normal conditions and we know that’s not going to happen. There are lots of unknowns. We could see back-to-back bad weather years and could have a spike in prices. A big change in ethanol policy could be a big source of demand. China is said to be ramping up ethanol; if that were to take off, it could be big source of demand.”

However, he says a status quo outlook – “normal yields, fairly subdued commodity prices for grains and soybeans and interest rates rising – is going to put pressure on land values and cash flows. There likely will be pressure on producers to tighten their belts.”

The indicators show that the Farm Credit System is “really well capitalized,” Gabriel adds, and “pretty well positioned” to continue financing agriculture. Its total assets at the close of the first quarter were $333 billion, up from $320 billion at the same point last year.

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