Donors in the fight against hunger would need to spend an additional $14 billion on average each year between now and 2030 to help end hunger, an amount that is roughly double the current investment.

That conclusion comes from a handful of research groups: the Center for Development Research, Cornell University, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the International Food Policy Research Institute, and the International Institute for Sustainable Development. In a new report, they suggest “donors make interventions that are evidence-based and designed to support each other, including investing in agricultural R&D, supporting social protection programs that provide food or cash to those in aid, and driving inclusion, such as through improving female literacy and providing training for rural youth. Spending should focus on where the need is greatest — primarily sub-Saharan Africa, and also south Asia.”

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“The world produces enough food to feed everyone,” Maximo Torero, FAO’s chief economist, said. “So it's unacceptable that 690 million people are undernourished, 2 billion don't have regular access to sufficient amounts of safe, nutritious food, and 3 billion people cannot afford healthy diets. If rich countries double their aid commitments and help poor countries to prioritize, properly target and scale up cost effective interventions on agricultural R&D, technology, innovation, education, social protection and on trade facilitation, we can end hunger by 2030."

According to FAO, the United States is the largest contributor to the organization’s annual budget, including an investment of nearly $290 million in 2018.

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